Noto, an absolute jewel of the Sicilian baroque, overtakes the Asinaro valley from the top of a plateau.
The earthquake of 1693 led to the destruction of almost all the buildings in the area, but also gave a great boost to the reconstruction.
The city was rebuilt 10 km away from the original location where it stood before the earthquake. In fact, the modern city was rebuilt in a less impervious place that allowed for the construction of architecture in line with the new baroque taste. The palaces were rebuilt with local limestone from Sicilian artists.
In the three main streets the three main social classes established themselves: in the first street there was the nobility, in the center there was the clergy, in the last street were the commoners. All around the historic center, the popular districts of Agliastrello, Mannarazze, Macchina Ghiaccio and Carmine had been developed and were characterized by the narrow, tortuous and often labyrinthine alleys that characterize the medieval villages that are still viewable today.